This course approaches 19th-century African history from the perspective of Africans’ continuing efforts to initiate and control the economic and political processes within the continent. The course examines the creation of large-scale political empires and pays close attention to the impact of revolutionary Islam in 19th-century Africa. The course closely examines the internal processes underway in African societies as Africans reorganized their political economy to counter the increasing penetration of the African continent by Europeans. The course explores the nature of the interaction between Europeans and Africans and seeks to explain why, in the last quarter of the 19th century, Africa’s political and territorial integrity collapsed before the force of European imperialism.
/ / African Civilization, 1800-1900